History of Khedule Kunbi Samaj

Kunbi (alternatively Kanbi) is a generic term applied to castes of traditionally non-elite tillers in Western India. The communities are largely found in the state of Maharashtra but also exist in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat, Karnataka, Kerala and Goa. Kunbi samaj consist of sadebara ( 12 and half ) jati.

Kunbi communities from Vidarbha region of Maharashtra.

  1. Dhonoje
  2. Ghatole
  3. Hindre
  4. Jadhav
  5. Jhare or Jhade
  6. Khaire
  7. Khedule
  8. Leva or Leva Patil
  9. Lonari
  10. Tirole or Tirale
  11. Maratha
  12. Manwa


Kunbi— (kun, a root, or kan grain, and bi, seed ), Kunbi is also known as Kudumbi. The great agricultural caste of the Maratha country. The etymological meaning of the term Kunbi is a farmer. In the Central Provinces the Kunbis belong to the Nagpur, Chanda, Bhandara, Wardha, Nimar and Betul Districts of the Central Provinces.

Another etymology states that ”Kunbi” is believed to have come from the Marathi+ word ”kunbawa”, or Sanskrit ”kur”, meaning “agricultural tillage”. Yet another etymology states that Kunbi derives from ”kutumba” (“family”), or from the Dravidian+ ”kul”, “husbandman” or “labourer”. Thus anyone who took up the occupation of a cultivator could be brought under the generic term Kunbi.

Other spellings and variants include: Kulambi (Deccan), Kulwadi (South Konkan), Kanbi (Gujarat), Kulbi (Belgaum), Reddies (Andhra Pradesh), Kurmi (Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand). Singh and Lal also report that Cocoona is synonymous with Kunbi in Gujarat.

Khedule subcaste may be derived from kheda a village, 
while another version given by Mr. Kitts ' is that it signifies 
' A beardless )outh.'


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